FORTHCOMING CIVIL SERVICES (Pre.) EXAM., 2016 General Studies

 

  1. Consider the following sentences regarding Gaudiya Mission.
  2. The association was founded by Srila Jiva Goswami during the 16th century A.D.
  3. It propagandizes the mes­sage of saint Ravidas.
  4. The process of pure devo­tion through practice was preached at the Mission.

Which of the above sentence(s) is/are true ?

  • 1 and 2 (B) 2 and 3

(C) land 3           (D) 1, 2 and 3

  1. Consider the following sentences regarding right to freedom of speech and expression in Indian Constitution.
  2. Article 19(l)(a) of the Consti­tution makes the “right to freedom of speech and expression” a fundamental right. But it is not an absolute right; there are qualifiers.
  3. The First Amendment to the Constitution, made on June 18,1951, states that “interests of the sovereignty and inte­grity of India, the security of the state, friendly relations with Foreign States, public order, decency or morality or in relation to contempt of court, defamation or incite­ment to an offence” will be paramount and freedom of expression will not be un­conditional.

Which of the above sentence(s) is/are true?

  • 1 only
  • 1 and 2 both
  • 2 only
  • None of the above
  1. Consider the following state­ments—
  2. The principle of gender equality is enshrined in the Indian Constitution in its

Preamble, Fundamental Rights, Fundamental Duties and Directive Principles.

  1. The Constitution not only grants equality to women, but also empowers the State to adopt measures of positive discrimination in favour of women.
  2. Gender based discrimination exists in the society which is enforced by religious, social and cultural norms.

Which of the above sentence(s) is/are true ?

(A) 1 only (B) 2 only (C) land 2   (D) 1,2 and 3

  1. Consider the following sentences regarding gender Budgeting—
  2. It is a process that entails incorporating a gender pers­pective at various stages planning/policy program­me formulation.
  3. Assessment of needs of target groups, allocation of resources, implementation, impact assessment, repriori­tization of resources.
  4. Gender Responsive Budget and Gender Mainstreaming are outcomes of Gender Budgeting.

Which of the above sentence(s) is/are true?

(A) 1 and 3         (B) 2 only

(C) land 2           (D) 1,2 and 3

  1. Consider the following sentences regarding the provincial elec­tions of 1937.
  2. In 1937, elections to the pro­vincial legislatures were held for the first time.
  3. Only about 10 to 12 per cent of the population enjoyed the right to vote.
  4. The Congress winning an absolute majority in five out of eleven provinces and forming governments in seven of them.
  5. The Muslim League also did well in the elections of 1937 and winning all seats of North West Frontier Pro­vince (NWFP).

Which of the above sentence(s) is/are true?

(A) 1, 2 and 3    (B) 4 only

(C) 1 and 3        (D) 2 and 3

  1. Consider the following sentences in context of ‘Kilkari’ which was recently launched.
  2. It is the e-health initiative recently launched by urban ministry.
  3. It delivers free, weekly, time- appropriate 72 audio mes­sages about pregnancy, child birth and child care directly to families’ mobile phones.
  4. This launch, which is part of the Government’s Digital India programme, is in line with its commitment to prioritise public health and strengthen citizen-centric health services by leveraging India’s expanding mobile phone penetration.

Which of the above sentence(s) is/are incorrect regarding ‘Kilkari’ ?

(A) 1 and 3       (B) 1 only

(C) 3 only         (D) 2 and 3

  1. The Government has given greater focus to issues relating to women through
  2. Creation of an independent

Ministry    of Women      and

Child Development.

  1. Initiation of legislation that has taken the country closer to complete legal equality for women.
  2. Gender budgeting      and

initiation of programmes for greater inclusion of women in all walks of life.

 

Which of the above sentence(s) is/are correct ?

  • 1 and 3
  • 1 only
  • 3 only
  • All of the above
  1. Consider the following senten­ces—
  2. “An Indian Patriot in South Africa” was written, by Rev. Joseph J. Doke in the year

1908.

  1. Joseph J. Doke was the first biographer of Mahatma Gandhi.
  2. This biography was publi­shed by Nasarwanji. M. Cooper, a Parsi and also editor of the Indian Chro­nicle, London in October

1909.

Which of the above sentence(s) is/are correct ?

  • land 3
  • 1 only
  • 2 only
  • All of the above
  1. Consider the following sentences regarding India State of Forest Report 2015.
  2. The India State of Forest

Report 2015       is   the  17th

report in the series.

  1. The India State of Forest Report (ISFR) 2015 states that the majority of the increase in forest cover has been observed in open forest category mainly outside forest areas, followed by Very Dense Forest.
  2. According to the India State of Forest Report (ISFR) 2015, the total forest and tree cover is 79-42 million hec­tare, which is 24-16 per cent of the total geographical area.

Which of the above sentence(s) is/are incorrect regarding ‘India State of Forest Report 2015’ ?

  • 1 only
  • 1 and 2 only
  • 2 and 3 only
  • None of the above
  1. Which Railways Zone has introduced biodiesel for trains, operating under its area ?
  • East-Central Zone
  • North Eastern Zone
  • South-Western Zone
  • North Western Zone
  1. Consider the following sentences regarding Ustad Abdul Rashid Khan, who died recently.
  2. He was a descendant of Tansen.
  3. He was the oldest perform­ing musician of the country.
  4. Ustad Abdul Rashid Khan has written around 2,000 compositions under the pseudonym ‘Rasan Piya’.
  5. He was an exponent of the Gwalior Gharana.
  6. He was awarded Padma Bhushan in 2002.

Which of the above sentence(s) is/are incorrect regarding Ustad Abdul Rashid Khan ?

  • 4 only (B) 1, 3 and 5 (C) 1, 2 and 3 (D) 5 only
  1. National Council of Science Museums (NCSM) which is engaged in establishment of Science Centres throughout the country, is an autonomous orga­nization under the—
  • Ministry of science technolo­gy and innovation
  • Ministry of Earth sciences
  • Ministry of Culture
  • Ministry of Human Resource Development
  1. Few days ago, the Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has given its ‘in-principle’ approval to the LIGO-India (Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory in India) mega science proposal for research on gravitational waves.

Consider the following sentences regarding LIGO-India project.

  1. LIGO-India is a mega science proposal for research on gravitational waves.
  2. LIGO-India project is piloted by Department of Atomic Energy and Department of Science and Technology (DST).
  3. The LIGO-India project will establish a state-of-the-art gravitational wave observa­tory in India in collaboration with the LIGO Laboratory in the U.S, run by Caltech and MIT.

Which of the above sentence(s) is/are correct ?

  • 1 and 3
  • 1 only
  • 2 only
  • All of the above
  1. The Historians have truly com­mented that Jahangir married Nur Jahan after the planned murder of Sher Afgan—
  • Jahangir took action against Sher Afgan without any cause
  • Jahangir wanted to appoint Man Singh in place of Sher Afgan
  • After the death of her husband Nur Jhan was kept in a newly built palace instead of being kept with her brother and father
  • Nur Jahan wrote a letter to Jahangir to do this
  1. In Mughal paintings one notices the adoption of the principles of foreshortening whereby near and distant people and things could be placed in perspective. This was due to the influence of the—
  • British
  • Dutch
  • Portugu^e
  • Danish
  1. Consider the following sentences regarding Recapitalization of Banks.
  2. Recapitalization is the pro­cess in which the amount of assets and debt of a parti­cular entity are restructured so as to meet a financial goal.
  3. This goal can be a step to limit the amount of tax that the company owes on its assets in hand, or as a part of a reorganization to steer clear of bankruptcy.
  4. This improves the bank balance of the bank and prevents their financial structure from collapsing.

 

Which of the above sentence(s) is/are correct ?

  • 2 and 3
  • 1 only
  • 2 only
  • All of the above
  1. The United Nation Organisation differs from the League of Nations in the way that—
  • The United Nations is an International body and the League of Nations was limited Europe
  • The United Nations works with the cooperation of all country members while the League of Nations was under the control of the few
  • The United Nations is not a part of an international treaty whereas League of Nations was
  • The range of the United Nations is wider than that of the League of Nations
  1. Which of the following states has been celebrating the Red Panda Winter Festival 2016 ?
  • Nagaland
  • Meghalaya
  • Sikkim
  • Assam
  1. Who has been appointed as the chairman of Central Administra­tive Tribunal (CAT) ?
  • AmitKulkarni
  • Subhra Saxena
  • Permod Kohli
  • B. Chauhan
  1. Consider the following sentences regarding the Turing Test —
  2. The Turing Test is a method for determining whether or not a computer is capable of thinking like a human.
  3. Turing Test was a test invented by the English mathematician Alan M. Turing.
  4. This test is used to quantify the thinking capacity of a computer by its probability of being misidentified as the human.

Which of the above sentence(s) is / are correct ?

  • 1 and 3
  • 1 and 2
  • 2 only
  • All of the above
  1. Consider the following sentences in context of ‘Project Green Port’ which was recently initiated by the government.
  2. It will have two verticals— one is ‘Green Ports Initia­tives’ and second is ‘Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan’.
  3. The Green Port Initiatives include ten initiatives which will be implemented under strict time bound fashion in order to achieve the targets.
  4. Under Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan, the Ministry has identified 20 activities with certain time-line to promote cleanliness at the port pre­mises.

Which of the above sentence(s) is/are true ?

  • 1 and 2 (B) 2 and 3

(C) 1,2 and 3 (D) 1 and 3

  1. Consider the following state­ments regarding Zainul Abidin who was one of the greatest rulers of Kashmir—
  2. Some scholars call Zainul Abidin as the Akbar of Kashmir.
  3. He was an enlightened ruler and called back those Hindus who had left the state due to the persecution of Sikandar Shah.
  4. He abolished jaziya and prohibited cow slaughter and gave the Hindus impor­tant state posts. A large number of temples were repaired and new ones constructed.

Which of the above sentence(s) is/are true?

(A) 1 and 2         (B) 2 and 3

(C) 1,2 and 3 (D) land 3

  1. Consider the following state­ments regarding Harappan Cities—
  2. The part of the city to the west was higher. It was used by the administrators. The ruins of a big building, probably an assembly hall, were discovered here.
  3. The part of the city to the east was lower and was inhabited by the common people. The ruins of many buildings that might have been houses were unearthed •here.
  4. The urban folk depended on the villages for food and work. The villages were the major market for the urban products.

Which of the above sentence(s) is / are true?

(A) 1 only (B) 2 and 3 (C) 3 only (D) 1,2 and 3

  1. Stalactites and stalagmites are the depositional features related to which type of landforms ?
  • Karst topography
  • Glaciers
  • Running Water
  • Ocean Currents
  1. Bio-geography is a sub-branch of geography and is closely related to which field of Science—
  • Physics related to Astro­nomy
  • Botany related to Ecology
  • Mathematics related to Statistics
  • Geology related to Earth Science
  1. Consider the following state­ments regarding the Himalayan Mountains.
  2. The Himalayan Mountains are situated on the east of India.
  3. i It has a length of nearly 2560

kilometres with an average breadth of 240 to 320 kilo­metres.

  1. It acts as a natural wall and protects the country against the cold arctic winds blow­ing from Siberia through Central Asia.

Which of the above sentence(s) is/are true ?

(A) 1 and 3       (B) 2 and 3

(C) 3 only        (D) 1, 2 and 3

  1. Passes in the northwest moun­tains had facilitated trade as well as cultural contacts between India and the Central Asia. Consider the following state­ments.
  2. The Indo-Aryans, the Indo- Greeks, Parthians Sakas, Kushanas, Hunas and Turks entered India through Khyber, Bolan, Kurram and Gomal passes.
  3. Alexander of Macedon came to India through the Swat valley.

Which of the above sentence(s) is/are true ?

  • 1 only
  • 2 only
  • 1 and 2
  • None of the these
  1. Consider the following state­ments regarding Asokan inscrip­tions—
  2. Most Asokan inscriptions were in the Prakrit language.
  3. Most Prakrit inscriptions were written in the Brahmi script; however, some, in the northwest, were written in Kharosthi.
  4. The Aramaic and Greek scripts were used for inscriptions in Afghanistan.

Which of the above sentence(s) is/are true ?

  • 1 and 2
  • 2 and 3
  • land3
  • All of the above
  1. Consider the following state­ments regarding later Vedic period.
  2. The power of the father increased during the Later Vedic period.
  3. Women’s were considered inferior and subordinate to men.
  4. Women also lost their political rights of attending assemblies.
  5. According the Aitreya Brahmana a daughter has been described as a source of misery.

Which of the above sentence(s) is/are true ?

  • 1,2 and 3
  • 2, 3 and 4
  • 1 and 4
  • All of the above
  1. Consider the following state­ments regarding causes for the rise of Jainism and Buddhism.
  2. Religious unrest in India in the 6th century B.C.
  3. Vaisyas wanted to enhance their social status but the orthodox Varna system did not allow this.
  4. The superstitious beliefs and mantras of the Later Vedic period confused the people.
  5. The revival of Brahmanism and the rise of Bhagavatism.

Which of the above sentence(s) is/are not true ?

  • 1 only
  • 1,2 and 3
  • 4 only
  • All of the above
  1. Buddhism has made a remark­able contribution to the develop­ment of Indian culture. Consider the following statements.
  2. The concept of ahimsa was its chief contribution. Later, it became one of the cherished values of our nation.
  3. The language of Pali and other local languages deve­loped through the teachings of Buddhism.
  4. It promoted education through residential univer­sities like those at Taxila, Nalanda and Vikramasila.

Which of the above sentence(s) is/are correct ?

  • land 3
  • land 2
  • 2 only
  • All of the above
  1. Consider the following state­ments regarding ‘Arthasastra’.
  2. This book in Sanskrit was written by Kautilya, a con­temporary of Chandragupta Maurya. Kautilya was also called ‘Indian Machiavelli’.
  3. The manuscript of Artha­sastra was first discovered by R. Shama Sastri in 1904.
  4. The Arthasastra contains 15 books and 180 chapters but it can be divided into three parts. The first deals with;

diplomacy and war; the second with civil and criminal law and the third with the king and his council and the departments of government.

Which of the above sentence(s) is/are true ?

  • 1,2 and 3
  • 2, 3 and 4
  • 1 and 4
  • All of the above
  1. The Mauryan Empire was divided into four provinces with their capitals at—
  • Taxila, Ujjain, Suvarnagiri and Tosali
  • Taxila, Patliputra, Rajgriha and Nalanda
  • Purushpur, Ujjain, Kalpi and Avanti
  • Kamboja, Gandhara, Kasi and Kalinga
  1. Where will be the Atal Innova­tion Mission (AIM) head quar­tered as per a proposal approved by the Union Cabinet on February 24, 2016 ?
  • Hyderabad
  • New Delhi
  • Bhopal
  • Kolkata
  1. Consider the following sentences

in context of ‘INS kadmatt’ which was recently commis­sioned.

  1. It is one of the most potent warships to have been constructed in India.
  2. It is the second ship of Project 28 (P28) class Anti- Submarine Warfare (ASW) Corvettes.
  3. INS Kadmatt is named after one of the large islands amongst the Nikobar Islands off the west coast of India.

Which of the above sentence(s) is/are true?

(A) 1 and 2       (B) 2 and 3

(C) land 3         (D) 1, 2 and 3

  1. Consider the following sentences regarding ‘Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana’ which was recently approved—

 

  1. The scheme aims to reduce the premium rates to be paid

. by the farmers.

  1. The scheme will come into effect from the upcoming rabi season.
  2. Farmers will have to pay a uniform premium of 2% for all kharif crops and 1.5% for all rabi crops.
  3. There is no upper limit on Government subsidy. Even if balance premium is 90%, it will be borne by the Govern­ment.

Which of the above sentence(s) is/are true?

  • 1,2 and 3
  • 1,3 and 4
  • 2 and 3
  • All of the above
  1. Consider the following sentences regarding ‘Zika vaccine’ which was developed by the Indian firm.
  2. It is the world’s first Zika vaccine developing by the Bharat Biotech.
  3. The vaccine consists of the disease-causing microbe killed with chemicals, heat or radiation.
  4. A vaccine is produced through the recombinant RNA technology.

Which of the above sentence(s) is/are true?

  • 1 and 2 (B) 2 and 3

(C) land 3           (D) 1,2 and 3

  1. Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) on February 3, 2016 launched the BGR-34. Consider the following sentences regarding BGR-34.
  2. It is the country’s first anti­diabetic ayurvedic drug.
  3. BGR is acronym for Blood Glucose Regulator.
  4. The ayurvedic drug BGR-34 was launched at Kozhikode, Kerala.
  5. BGR-34 is designed for type 2 Diabetes mellitus.
  6. The drug was developed by CSIR in collaboration with Patanjali Ayurved Ltd.

Which of the above sentence(s) is/are not correct ?

(A) 1 and 4        (B) 2, 3 and 4

(C) 1 and 3        (D) 4 only

  1. Recently the Government of India has constituted a ‘Com­mittee for Evolution of the New Education Policy’ to examine the outcome documents, recommen­dations and suggestions received and formulate a draft National Education Policy as well as a Framework for Action (FFA). Who is the Chairman of this committee ?
  • Shailaja Chandra
  • Shri Sevaram Sharma
  • Shri T.S.R. Subramanian
  • J.S. Rajput
  1. An Expert Committee has been constituted by Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) to comprehensively examine the various issues, raised from time to time regarding the Civil Ser­vice Examination, with respect to the eligibility, syllabus, scheme and pattern of the Examination, under the chairmanship of—
  • Shri B.S.Baswan
  • (Mrs.) Sudha Kaul
  • K.P.S. Gautam
  • H.K.Alam
  1. Which of the following state­ments is/are correct about Inter­national Solar Alliance (ISA) ?
  2. All countries between tropics of Cancer and Capricorn can join International Solar Alliance (ISA).
  3. ISA’s proposed governance structure would consist of an Assembly, a Council and a Secretariat.
  4. ISA secretariat will be loca­ted in the premises of— National Institute of Solar Energy (NISE), Gurgaon.

Which of the above sentence(s) is/are correct ?

  • land 3
  • 2 and 3
  • 1 only
  • 1,2 and 3
  1. The home of the Gandhara school of art is the territory in and around Peshawar in north­western India. The best of the Gandhara sculpture was pro­duced during the first and second centuries A.D. Consider the following sentences regard­ing features of Gandhara art.
  2. Moulding human body in a realistic manner with minute attention to physical features like muscles, moustache and curtly hair.
  3. Thick drapery with large and bold fold lines.
  4. The Buddha images exhibit the spiritual feeling on his face.
  5. Rich carving, elaborate ornamentation and symbolic expressions.

Which of the above feature(s) of Gandhara art is/are not correct ? (A) 1 and 2               (B) 2, 3 and 4

(C) 3 only (D) 4 only

  1. Which of the following is true for existing Economic and Industrial Policies of Indian Govt. ?
  2. FERA was abolished
  3. MRTP was abolished
  4. Cash compensatory support for exports was abolished
  • Industrial licensing (except of few goods) was abolished. Codes:

(A) 1,2, 3 and 4 (£) 1,3 and 4

  • Only 3 and 4
  • Only 2 and 3
  1. Consider the following sentences regarding ‘Global nitrogen foot­print.’
  2. The first-ever global nitro­gen footprint mapped encompassing 188 countries.
  3. It found the United States, China, India and Brazil are responsible for 46 per cent of the world’s nitrogen emis­sions.
  4. Germany is one of the few wealthy nations that is a net exporter of nitrogen.

Which of the above sentence(s) is/are true ?

(A) 1 and 2         (B) 1 and 3

(C) 1,2 and 3 (D) 2 and 3

  1. In the context of modern scientific research consider the following statements about Genome Editing.
  2. Genome editing is a power­ful procedure that has already been a game- changer in helping scientists to understand the roles of genes in health and diseases.
  3. Genome editing is a type of genetic engineering in which DNA is inserted, deleted or replaced in the genome of an organism using engineered nucleases, or ‘molecular scissors’.
  4. These molecular scissors are actually an enzyme called Cas 9.

Which of the above sentence(s) is/are true ?

  • land3
  • land2
  • 2 and 3
  • All of the above
  1. What is the name of the new series of non-reserved long­distance express trains that was announced in the Union Rail Budget 2016-17 ?
  • UDAY Express
  • Tejas Express
  • Antodaya Express
  • Humsafar
  1. Juvenile Justice (Care and Pro­tection of Children) Act, 2015 came into force January 15, 2016. Which ministry is looking after its implementation ?
  • Union Ministry of Woman and Child Development
  • Union Ministry of Home Affairs
  • Union Ministry of Human Resource Development
  • Union Ministry of Law
  1. Consider the following sentences regarding ‘Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)’ which was completed 70% of their skill trainings.
  2. The scheme has been imple­mented by National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC).
  3. The scheme has been imple­mented across all 29 states and 6 union territories of the country.
  4. This is the flagship scheme for skill training of youth to be implemented by the Ministry of Skill Develop­ment and Entrepreneurship.

Which of the above sentence(s) is/are true ?

(A) 1 and 3        (B) 2 and 3

(C) land 2          (D) 1,2 and 3

  1. Consider the following senten­ces—
  2. The Sanskrit language became prominent during the Gupta period.
  3. Nagari script had evolved from the Brahmi script.
  4. Numerous works in classical Sanskrit came to be written in the forms of epic, lyrics, drama and prose.
  5. The best of the Sanskrit literature belonged to the Satvahana age.

Which of the above sentence(s) is / are not true ?

(A) 3 and 4        (B) 2 only

(C) 1 and 2        (D) 4 only

  1. The Banskhera inscription con­tains the signature of—
  • Hiuen Tsang
  • Bana
  • Harsha
  • Pulakesin II
  1. Consider the following sentences regarding ‘Cobra Gold’ multi­lateral exercises—
  2. India has been invited to take part in this exercises being hosted by Thailand.
  3. This exercise is considered Asia’s largest multinational drill.
  4. This is the 35th edition of the exercises involving 35 coun­tries.

Which of the above sentence(s) is/are true?

(A) 1 and 2        (B) 2 and 3

(C) 1 and 3        (D) 1, 2 and 3

  1. India announced a programme to open eight more long-term ecological observatories (LTEO)

to study the effects of climate change on December 7, 2015. Consider the following sentences about LTEO.

  1. Under this. programme, students and young scientists will also be trained through sustained long-term support for research in the area of climate change.
  2. The initiative will also help the country to have its own scientific data-base in this key area without depending on studies done abroad.
  3. The new initiative will cover all the major biomass of the country from Western Himalayas to Western Ghats, Eastern Himalayas to Andaman and Nicobar Islands, central India to the Sunderbans and from Jammu & Kashmir to Rajasthan and Gujarat.
  4. The focus would be to pick up signals and patterns of how changes in climate are affecting natural and closely associated human systems of agriculture and pastora- lism.

Which of the above feature(s) of Gandhara art is/are not correct ?

  • land 2
  • 3 only
  • 2 and 4
  • None of the above
  1. Recently Union Environment Ministry has appr3ved annual plans of National Mission for Green India of four states. Choose the correct answer from the options given below—
  • Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Uttarakhand and Telangana
  • Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karna­taka and Andhra Pradesh
  • Mizoram, Manipur, Jhar­khand and Kerala
  • Meghalaya, Tripura, Mani­pur and Nagaland
  1. Consider the following sentences regarding Dolphin.
  2. It was declared as the National Aquatic Animal in 2010.
  3. It is often known as the ‘Tiger of the Ganges’.

 

  1. India’s first dolphin commu­nity reserve is planned in West Bengal to protect the endangered Gangetic river

‘ dolphins, announced the West Bengal Wildlife Board.

  1. The reserve will be set up in Brahmaputra River.

Which of the above sentence(s) is/are not true ?

  • 3 and 4 (B) 2 only

(C) 1 and 2        (D) 4 only

  1. For cooperation in which of the following field did the Union Cabinet give its ex-post facto approval for signing of a Memo­randum of Understanding (MoU) between India and Singapore ?
  • Medical
  • Information Technology
  • Urban Planning and Gover­nance
  • Space
  1. Consider the following sentences regarding the Khalji Dynasty—
  2. The advent of the Khalji dynasty marked the zenith of Muslim imperialism in India.
  3. The founder of the Khalji dynasty was Alauddin Khalji.

Which of the above sentence(s) is/are true?

  • 1 only
  • 2 only
  • 1 and 2 both
  • None of the above
  1. Consider the following sentences regarding Index of Economic Freedom-2016—
  2. It is created by The Heritage Foundation and The Wall Street Journal in 1995 and published every year.
  3. In the Index of Economic Freedom-2016, a total of 186 countries included and 178 are ranked.
  4. India was ranked 123rd in 2016 Index of Economic Freedom.

Which of the above sentence(s) is/are true?

  • 1 and 2 _/B) 2 and 3

(C) 1 and 3        (D) 1,2 and 3

  1. Consider the following state­ments—
  2. 12th South Asian Games was held in Guwahati and Shillong.
  3. The mascot of the game was ‘Tikhor’.
  4. India has won the total 308 medals.
  5. Shri Narendra Modi inau­gurated the Games.

Which of the above statements are correct ?

  • 1,2 and 4
  • 2, 3 and 4
  • 1,3 and 4
  • All of the above
  1. Saudi Arabia has launched Islamic Military Coalition, a new military alliance of how many nations to fight terrorism ?
  • 34 (B) 32

(C) 33                  (D) 30

  1. Consider the following sentences

regarding Military Campaigns of Alauddin Khalji.

  1. Alauddin Khalji    sent   his

army six times against the Mongols.

  1. The first two was successful.

But the third Mongol invader Khwaja came up to Delhi but      they        were prevented

from entering into the capital city.

  1. The next three Mongol inva­sions were also dealt with severely.
  2. The military conquests of Alauddin Khalji include his expedition against Gujarat, Mewar and the Deccan.

Which of the above statements are not correct ?

  • 1,2 and 4
  • 2, 3 and 4
  • 1,3 and 4
  • None of the above
  1. Consider the following sentences regarding Presidential system—
  2. The term       ‘presidency’,

‘presidential system’ or ‘presidential government’ was coined by Walter Bagehot in 1867

  1. In a presidential system, the President is the Head of state as well as head of government.
  2. “In presidentialist regimes the elected head of govern­ment always serves con­currently as head of state.”
  3. The principal strength of presidential government is that by separating executive power from the legislative power, it creates internal checks that help to protect individual rights and liber­ties.

Which of the above statements are not correct ?

  • 1,2 and 4
  • 2, 3 and 4
  • 1,3 and 4
  • None of the above
  1. Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R). In the context of these statements, select the correct answer from the codes mentioned below—

Assertion (A) The Marxist view of freedom is different from liberal individualist view of freedom.

Reason (R) :       According to

Marxist view, freedom is not something that an individual can enjoy in isolation.

Codes:

  • Both (A) and (R) are true and 3(R) is the correct explanation of (A)
  • Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
  • (A) is true, but (R) is false
  • (A) is false, but (R) is true
  1. Which of the following state­ments are correct ?

Select the correct answer from the codes given below—

  1. Pressure groups are diffe­rent from political parties.
  2. Political parties and pres­sure groups do not differ.
  3. Pressure groups do not contest elections.
  4. Pressure groups do not try to capture political power directly.

Codes:

  • 1, 2 and 3 (B) 2, 3 and 4 (C) 1,3 and 4 (D) 2 and 4
  1. Which of the following state­ments is/are correct ?
  2. Fanaticism is a belief or behaviour involving uncriti­cal zeal or with an obsessive enthusiasm.
  3. Fear, ignorance and violence are common elements that encourage fanaticism.
  4. Fanaticism occurs when monism outweighs plura­lism.

Which of the above sentence(s) is/are true ?

(A) 1 and 2       (B) 2 and 3

(C) land 3       (D) 1,2 and 3

  1. Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R). In the context of these statements, select the correct ans­wer from the codes mentioned below—

Assertion (A) : Most religious traditions have produced extre­mist movements whose members believe that their faith and value system is superior. This concept of the one true faith has been used by many fundamentalists to justify violent religious intole­rance.

Reason (R) : Religious terrorists are modern manifestations of historical traditions of extremism within the world’s major faiths. Codes:

  • Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
  • Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
  • (A) is true, but (R) is false
  • (A) is false, but (R) is true
  1. Consider the following sentences regarding Cartel theory of Oligo- poly.
  2. A group of firms that gets together to make output and price decisions.
  3. It give rise to an oligopolistic market.
  4. Cartels tend to arise in markets where there are few firms and each firm has a significant share of the market.

Which of the above sentence(s) is/are not true ?

  • land2
  • 2 and 3
  • land3
  • None of the above
  1. The soil is composed of—
  2. Mineral matter,
  3. Water and air,
  4. Organic matter and
  5. Living organisms

Select the correct answer from the codes given below—

Codes:

(A) 1, 2 and 3 (B) 2, 3 and 4 (C) 1,3 and 4 (D) 1,2, 3 and 4

  1. In respect of the difference of the gravitational force from electric and magnetic forces, which one of the following statements is true ?
  • Gravitational force is stron­ger than the other two
  • Gravitational force is attr­active only, whereas the electric and the magnetic forces are attractive as well as repulsive
  • Gravitational force has a very short range
  • Gravitational force is a long range force, while the other two are short range forces
  1. Which of the following condi­tions are necessary for the issue of writ of quo warranto ?
  2. The office must be public and must be created by a Statute or by the Constitu­tion itself.
  3. The office must be a sub­stantive one and not merely the function or employment of a servant at the will and during the pleasure of another.
  4. There has been a contraven­tion of the Constitution or a Statute or Statutory Instru­ment, in appointing such person to that office. Select the correct answer using the code given below—

Codes:

  • 1 and 2 only
  • 1 and 3 only
  • 2 and 3 only
  • 1,2 and 3
  1. Which of the following state­ments is correct ?

Select the correct answer from the codes given below—

  1. The term ‘biosphere’ had been coined to highlight the interdependence of living and non-living world.
  2. It represents a stable environment of various physical and biological factors which have been operating since the past.
  3. The organic continuity of the system rests on a delicate network of interdependent relationships.

Codes:

(A) 1, 2 and 3 (B) 2 and 3 (C) 1 only (D) 2 only

  1. Arrange the following events in chronological order, using the codes given below—
  2. Abolition of Jazia
  3. Abolition of Pilgrimage Tax
  4. Construction of Ibadat Khana
  5. Foundation of Din-i-Ilahi Codes:

(A) 1, 2,4, 3         (B) 2,1, 3, 4

(C) 3,4,2,1     (D) 1,3,4, 2

  1. Consider the following sentences regarding Civil Society Organi­zations (CSOs).
  2. Civil Society is an interface between the state and individual.
  3. Many of Civil Society Orga­nizations (CSOs) act as pressure groups on the government, to promote implementation of policies in their areas of concerns.
  4. These organizations are run by ordinary persons who feel strongly committed to certain issues.

Which of the above sentence(s) is/are true ?

(A) 1 and 2         (B) 2 and 3

(C) 1 and 3         (D) 1, 2 and 3

  1. The Comptroller and Auditor General of India submits three reports to the Parliament/State Legislatures. Which one of the following reports does not come under that category ?
  • Audit Report on Capital Accounts
  • Audit Report on Appropria­tion Accounts
  • Audit Report on Finance Accounts
  • Audit Report on Commer­cial and Public
  1. Consider the following sentences about ‘Injectible Polio Vaccine (IPV)’ which was recently laun­ched in India.
  2. It was launched as part of the country’s commitment to global polio eradication.
  3. It will be given to children below one year of age.
  4. India was declared polio free in 2014.

Which of the above sentence(s) is/are true?

(A) 1 and 2        (B) 2 and 3

(C) land 3        (D) 1,2 and 3

  1. Consider the following sentences in context of ‘Sugamya Bharat Abhiyan’ which was recently launched.
  2. Its aims to enable persons with disabilities to gain uni­versal access.
  3. Department of Empower­ment of Persons with Dis­abilities (DEPwD) and Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, has formu­lated the Accessible India Campaign (Sugamya Bharat Abhiyan).
  4. At least 10% of government owned public transport carriers in the country will be converted into fully accessible carriers for dis­abled persons by March 2018.

Which of the above sentence(s) is/are true?

(A) 1 and 2        (B) 2 and 3

(C) 1, 2 and 3 (D) 1 and 3

  1. Which of the following state- mentsjs/ are correct ?
  2. Delhi government will host India’s first-ever global con­ference on gender equality.
  3. First-ever Hindi Atlas Book on “Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) released in New Delhi.
  4. The world’s first clinical trial to cure HIV patients for using transplants of blood from umbilical cords is set to start in Spain.

Which of the above sentence(s)

is/are true ?

(A) 1 and 2       (B) 2 and 3

(C) 1 and 3       (D) 1,2 and 3

  1. Match the following :
List-I

(Books)

(a) Ships That Pass
(b) Random Thoughts
(c) Difficult Pleasures
(d) Power and Resistance

List-II

(Author)

1. Julie F. Codell
2. V. Irani Anbu
3. Shashi Deshpande
4. Anjum Hasan
Codes :
(a) (b) (c) (d)
(A) 3 2 4 1
(B) 3 4 1 2
(C) 2 3 1 4
(D) 1 4 3 2

 

  1. Consider the  following      state­

ments—

  1. Akbar adopted Sher Shah Suri’s land revenue system
  2. In 1580 Akbar instituted a new system of land revenue namely dahsala.

Which of the above statement/s is correct ?

Codes:

(A) Only    1     (B) Only 2

(C) Both            (D) None

  1. Consider the   following     state­

ment—

  1. Committee on Agricultural Cost and Prices was set up in 1965 and is presently under ministry of food Processing Industries.
  2. CACP’s functions includes advising on price policy, recommending measures for making price policy effec­tive, examining prevailing method and costs of market­ing, suggest measures to reduce costs of marketing and recommend fair price margins.
  3. MSP-maximum support price is the price at which govt, is ready to purchase the production of crop from the farmer.
  4. CIP-Central Issue Price is the price at which the state Govt, has to sell the agri­culture produce to the BPL at the ration shops.

Which of the following codes are correct ?

(A) 1,2 and 4 (B) 1, 2 and 3 (C) 1,3 and 4 (D) 2, 3 and 4

  1. Recently, the world’s first solar- powered Parliament was inau­gurated in which of the follow­ing countries?
  • Israel (B) Pakistan (C) Malaysia (D) Japan
  1. The Directive Principles of State Policy can be classified under 3 principles-Socialist, Gandhian and Western liberal, which of the following is /are Gandhian Principles ?
  2. To promote cottage indus­try.
  3. Provision of just and humane conditions for work and maternity relief.
  4. Organization of agriculture and animal husbandry on modern and scientific lines.
  5. Provision of free and com­pulsory education for Children.

Codes:

(A 1 and 3 only

  • 2 and 4
  • 1, 2 and 3 only
  • All
  1. Minister of Overseas Indian Affairs inaugurated the 7th Heads of Indian Missions (HoMs) conference on September 17. The conference is organized by the M/o Overseas Indian

 

Affairs (MOIA) every year to discuss the issues related to protection and welfare of Over­seas Indian workers. Minister of Overseas Indian Affairs announ­ced revised Indian Community Welfare Fund (ICWF) scheme, which includes :

  1. Assistance towards board­ing expenses per head by HOMs is enhanced from 15 to 30 days.
  2. Payment of penalties in respect of Indian nationals for illegal stay in the host country where prima facie the worker is not at fault.
  3. Providing support to local Overseas Indian Associa­tions to establish Overseas Indian Community Centres in countries that have popu­lations of Overseas Indians exceeding 2,00,000.
  4. Providing support to start and run Overseas Indian Community-based student welfare centres in countries that have more than 20,000 Indian students’ presence.

Which of the above sentence/ sentences is/are true revised Scheme?

  • 1, 2 and 3 (B) 2, 3 and 4 (C) 1,3 and 4 (D) 1,2 and 4

Tick the correct statement/s regarding administrative chan­ges after 1858 and choose the correct option:

  1. The proportion of Euro­peans to Indians in the army was raised and fixed at one to three in the Bengal Army and two to eight in the Madras and Bombay armies.
  2. It was decided to use the princely states as firm props of British rule in India.
  3. Under the Act, Government was to be carried on as before by the Governor- General who was also given the title of viceroy.
  4. The organization of the Indian section of the army was based on the policy of ‘balance and counterpoise’ so as to prevent its chance of uniting again in an anti British uprising.
  • 1, 2 and 4 (B) 1, 3 and 4 (C) 2, 3 and 4 (D) 3 and 4
  1. Which of the following state­ments is/ are correct ?
  2. Living organisms are made up of structural and func­tional units called cells.
  3. Every cell is made up of several biomolecules and organelles.
  4. The plant cell can be refer­red to as a physiological unit as it has the capabilities of carrying out physiological functions as a single entity.
  5. The cell wall is a non-living outer limiting layer of the plant cell which provides shape and rigidity to the cell.

Which of the following codes are correct ?

  • 1, 2 and 4
  • 1,2 and 3
  • 1,3 and 4
  • All of the above
  1. Consider the following sentences in context of Nitrogen.
  2. Nitrogen is an inert gas which constitutes 78% of the atmosphere.
  3. It is an important mineral present in the bodies of living organisms.
  4. Nitrogen cannot be used directly.
  5. The atmosphere is the source of elemental nitrogen which can be used directly by plants.

Which of the above sentence(s) is/are not true ?

  • 1 and 3 (B) 2 and 4

(C) 1 and 2         (D) 4 only

  1. Consider the following sentences regarding ‘gravitational wave detector’ which was recently approve.
  2. The Union cabinet has approved a proposal to establish a state-of-the-art gravitational wave obser­vatory in India.
  3. The proposal is the colla­boration with the Laser Interferometer Gravita­tional-wave Observatory (LIGO) in the US.

Which of the above sentence(s) is/are true?

  • Only 1
  • Only 2
  • land 2
  • None of the above
  1. Recently Union Cabinet has been apprised of the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on coope­ration in the area of outer space between—
  • ISRO and NASA
  • ISRO and KISR
  • ISRO and CNSA
  • ISRO and INPE
  1. Consider the following senten­ces—
  2. The modern executive is a very powerful institution of government. The executive enjoys greater powers com­pared to other organs of the government. This generates a greater need to have democratic control over the executive.
  3. The makers of our Consti­tution thought with fore­sight that the executive must be put firmly under regular supervision and control. Thus, a parliamentary executive was chosen.
  4. Periodic elections, constitu­tional limits over the exer­cise of powers and demo­cratic politics have ensured that executive organ cannot become unresponsive.

Which of thelfollowing codes are correct ?

(A) 1 and 2        (B) 2 and 3

(C) 3 only          (D) All of these

  1. Consider the following senten­ces—
  2. Ethylene is used for ripening of fruits.
  3. Ethylene is used to prepare industrial solvents like ethylene dichloride, glycol, dioxan etc.,
  4. Ethylene and propylene are important industrial organic chemicals.They are used in the synthesis of polymers like polythene, polypropy­lene, pvc, polystyrene, teflon, orlon, acrilan, polyvinyl acetate, polyvinyl alcohol etc.,
  5. Ethylene dichloride which is prepared from ethylene is used in the preparation of a synthetic rubber called thiokol.

Which of the following codes are correct ?

  • 1 and 2
  • 1,2 and 4
  • 2 and 3 only
  • All of the above
  1. Consider the following sentences regarding Lipids—
  2. Lipids are the heterogenous group of compounds, actually or potentially related to fatty acids.
  3. Chemically, they can be defined as esters of fatty acids with alcohol.
  4. Lipids are relatively insolu­ble in water and soluble in solvents like ether, chloro­form and benzene.

Which of the following codes are not correct ?

  • land2
  • 1,2 and 3
  • 2 and 3 only
  • None of above
  1. Consider the following sentences regarding vitamins E—
  2. The principal role of vitamin E appears to be as an antio­xidant.
  3. Vitamin E activity is posses­sed by a number of com­pounds known as glycerol.
  4. Vitamin E also reduces the oxidation of the poly unsaturated fatty acids, thereby helping to maintain normal cell membrane.
  5. It protects the red blood cells against hemolysis.

Which of the following codes are not correct ?

  • land 2
  • 3 and 4 only
  • 2 only
  • None of the above
  1. Consider the following sentences regarding revenue administra­tion of Delhi sultanate.
  2. Iqta lands assigned to officials as iqtas instead of payment for their services.
  3. Khalisa land under the direct control of the Sultan and the revenues collected were spent for the main­tenance of royal court and royal household.
  4. Inam land assigned or granted to religious leaders or religious institutions.

Which of the following codes are correct ?

  • land 2
  • 1,2 and 3
  • 1 and 3 only
  • All of above
  1. Which of the following orga­nisations is providing loan for implementation of Neeranchal National Watershed Project ?
  • Asian Infrastructure Invest­ment Bank
  • World Bank
  • BRICSBank
  • Asian Development Bank
  1. According to the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduc­tion (UNISDR) report:
  2. India has been ranked fourth among the top five most disaster-hit countries in 2015.
  3. The United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR) was created in December 1999.
  4. India is the most affected country having suffered 19 disasters in 2015.

Which of the above sentence(s) is / are true regarding the report ?

  • 1 and 3 (B) 1 and 2

(C) 1,2 and 3 (D) 2 and 3

  1. Through which Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) on January 20, 2016 successfully launched the Indian Regional Navigational Satellite System (IRNSS) 1-E satellite ?
  • PSLV-C31
  • PSLV-C30
  • PSLV-C24
  • PSLV-C28
  1. Consider the following sentences regarding ‘Zika vaccine’ which was developed by the Indian firm.
  2. It is the world’s first Zika vaccine developing by the Bharat Biotech.
  3. The vaccine consists of the disease-causing microbe killed with chemicals, heat or radiation.
  4. A vaccine is produced through the recombinant RNA technology.

Which of the above sentence(s) is/are not true ?

  • 1 and 2 (B) 2 and 3

(C) land 3         (D) 1,2 and 3

  1. Which of the following organi­sations has extended a 50 million dollar loan for the Nai Manzil project ?
  • World Bank
  • International Monetary Fund
  • Asian Development Bank
  • United Nations Children’s Fund
  1. Consider the following sentences regarding Indira Gandhi Zoo­logical Park, which is proposed to be shifted from the current location—
  2. Indira Gandhi Zoological Park is located amidst Kambalakonda Reserve forest in Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India.
  3. It was declared open to the public on May 19, 2007.
  4. It has over 800 species of animals with a focus on endemic species.
  5. It is situated in Visakha­patnam amidst the scenic Eastern Ghats of India and surrounded by Eastern Ghats on three sides and Bay of Bengal on the fourth side.

Which of the above sentence(s) is/are not true ?

(A) 1, 2 and 4 (B) 2 only (C) 1 only (D) 1, 3 and 4

  1. Consider the following state­ments and choose fSe correct option:
Answers with Hints
  • Genetic Engineering Appro­val Committee (GEAC) has the mandate to approve the large scale trials and com­mercial release of living Modified Organisms.
  1. The Convention on Biologi­cal Diversity (CBD), adopted during the Earth Summit held in Rio de Janeiro in 1997.
  2. Botanical Garden of the India is in NOIDA Set up to facilitate ex-situ conserva­tion and propagation of rare and threatened indigenous plants of the country.
  3. Vienna Convention is for protection of Ozone Layer signed in 1985.

Codes:

  • 1, 2 and 3 (B) 2, 3 and 4 (C) 1,3 and 4 (D) 1, 2, 3 and 4
  1. The NITI Aayog has collaborated with which organisation for con­ducting a survey of manufac­turing firms ?
  • State Bank of India
  • Punjab National Bank
  • Infrastructure Development Finance Company (IDFC Bank)
  • Industrial Credit and Invest­ment Corporation of India (ICICI Bank)
  1. (C) Gaudiya Mission is an ancient missionary organization which preaches the life story of ChaitanyaMahaprabhu’s mission and vision.
  2. (B) 3. (D) 4. (D)
  3. (A) In 1937, elections to the pro­vincial legislatures the Muslim League failed to win a single seat in the North West Frontier Pro­vince (NWFP) and could capture only two out of 84 reserved constituencies in the Punjab and three out of 33 in Sind.
  4. (B) The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW) will launch Kilkari (literally baby noises), a mobile voice message service that delivers weekly messages to families about pregnancy, family planning,
    nutrition, childbirth and mate­rnal and child care.
  5. (D) 8. (D)
  6. (A) The India State of Forest Report 2015 is the 14th report in the series.
  7. (C) The South Western Railways (SWR) Zone with headquarters in Hubli, Karnataka has intro­duced biodiesel for trains, operating under its zone. To meet its biodiesel demand, SWR zone has set up Biodiesel filling centres at Hubli, Bengaluru and Hospet.
  8. (A) Ustad Rashid Khan was awarded Padma Bhushan in 2013 for his services to Indian classical music.
  9. (C) NCSM is an autonomous organization under the Ministry of Culture. Its headquarters is in Kolkata. The Birla Industrial and Technological Museum (BITM), Kolkata under CSIR, was the first museum opened in 1959.
  10. (D)
  11. (C) After the death of her husband Nur Jahan was kept in a newly built palace instead of being kept with her brother and father.
  12. (C) 16. (D) 17. (C) 18. (C) 19. (C)
  13. (D)
  14. (D) The Green Port Initiatives include twelve initiatives which will be implemented under strict time bound fashion in order to achieve the targets.
  15. (C) 23. (D)
  16. (A) Caves in karst areas often have stalactites (icicle-like masses of chemical limestone) that hang from cave ceilings and stout stalagmites protruding from the cave floor. Stalactites and stalag­mites can be a few inches to several feet long.
  17. (B) Biogeography has strong ties to biology, ecology, evolution studies, climatology and soil science.
  18. (B) The Himalayan Mountains are situated on the north of India starting from the Pamir in the extreme northwest of India, the mighty Himalayan range extends towards northeast.

 

  1. (C) The passes in the northwest mountains such as the Khyber, Bolan, Kurram and Gomal provided easy routes between India and Central Asia. These passes are situated in the Hindukush, Sulaiman and Kirthar ranges. The Indo-Aryans, the IndoGreeks, Parthians Sakas, Kushanas, Hunas and Turks entered India through these passes. The Swat valley in this region formed another important route. Alexander of Macedon came to India through this route.
  2. (D) 29. (D)
  3. (C) The revival of Brahmanism and the rise of Bhagavatism led to the fall of popularity of Buddhism.
  4. (D)
  5. (A) The first deals with the king and his council and the depart­ments of government; the second with civil and criminal law; and the third with diplomacy and war.
  6. (A) The Mauryan Empire divi­ded into four provinces, with the imperial capital at Pataliputra. From Ashokan edicts, the names of the four provincial capitals follow : Tosali (in the east), Ujjain in the west, Suvarnagiri (in the south), and Taxila (in the north).
  7. (B)
  8. (A) INS Kadmatt is named after one of the large islands amongst the Lakshadweep group of Islands off the west coast of India. The Lakshadweep Islands and the Navy share a special relation with the Island chain being home to our base INS Dweeprakshak, as well as detach­ments on Minicoy, Androth and Bitra Islands.
  9. (B) The scheme will come into effect from the upcoming kharif season.
  10. (A) Vaccines manufacturer, Bharat Biotech, on February 3, 2016, announced a breakthrough in developing the world’s first Zika vaccine. The Hyderabad- based company has submitted two vaccine candidates—one inactivated and one recombinant —to the Indian government. An

inactivated vaccine is when the disease-causing microbe is killed, typically, using chemicals, heat, or radiation. Such a vaccine is more stable and safer than live . vaccines. A recombinant vaccine is a vaccine produced through recombinant DNA technology. This involves inserting the DNA encoding an antigen (such as a bacterial surface protein) that stimulates an immune response.

  1. (D) The drug was developed by CSIR in collaboration with National Botanical Research Institute and Central Institute for Medicinal and Aromatic Plant.
  2. (C) The Committee consists of Shri T.S.R. Subramanian, Former Cabinet Secretary as the Chair­man and Smt. Shailaja Chandra, former Chief Secretary, NCT of Delhi, Shri Sevaram Sharma, former Home Secretary, NCT of Delhi, Shri Sudhir Mankad, former Chief Secretary, Gujarat and Prof. J.S. Rajput, former Director, NCERT as members.
  3. (A) The expert committee was constituted by Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) under the chairmanship of for­mer HRD Secretary and retired IAS officer B. S. Baswan in August 2015.
  4. (D)
  5. (C) The Mathura school of art developed on indigenous lines. The Buddha images exhibit the spiritual feeling in his face which was largely absent in the Gandhara school.
  6. (A) 44. (A) 45. (D)
  7. (C) For unreserved passengers, Railway Minister Suresh Prabhu offered Antyodaya Express, a long-distance superfast train service, to be deployed on dense routes.
  8. (A) On January 15, 2016, The

Juvenile Justice (Care and Pro­tection of Children) Act, 2015 came into force. With respect to this, Union Ministry of Woman and Child Development has issued orders for enforcement of Act. President Pranab Mukherjee’s has given consent to the Act on December 31, 2015 after it was passed by the Parlia­ment.  ^

  1. (D)
  2. (D) The best of the Sanskrit literature belonged to the Gupta age. Himself a great poet, Samudragupta patronized a number of scholars including Harisena. The court of Chandra- gupta II was adorned by the celebrated Navratnas. Kalidasa remain the foremost among them. His master-piece was the Sanskrit drama It is considered one among the ‘hundred best books of the world’.
  3. (C) The Banskhera plate inscrip­tion of the year 628 A.D. gives us a facsimile of the signature of Harshavardhana which shows that the King Harshavardhana was an expert Calligraphist.
  4. (D) 52. (D)
  5. (C) Union Environment Ministry has approved annual plans of National Mission for Green India of four states , Mizoram, Manipur, Jharkhand and Kerala. In this regard, National Execu­tive Council (NEC) has approved the Perspective Plans (PP) and Annual Plan of Operations (APOs) of GIM submitted by 4 states.
  6. (D) India’s first community reserve to protect the endan­gered dolphins will be set up in the state of West Bengal. The dolphin reserve is proposed to be set up at Hoogly, a 500 km long stretch of the Ganges.
  7. (C) On February 17, 2016 the Union Cabinet gave its ex-post facto approval for signing of a Memorandum of Understand­ing (MoU) between India and Singapore Cooperation Enter­prise (SCE), an Agency of Government of Singapore. The MoU was signed on November 2015. The MoU will allow the two countries to share experi­ences in the field of urban deve­lopment, governance and capa­city building.
  8. (C) The founder of the Khalji dynasty was Jalaluddin Khalji. He was seventy years old when he came to power.
  9. (D) 58. (D)
  10. (A) Saudi Arabia on December 15, 2015 announced the launch of Islamic Military Coalition to counter terrorism. The coalition will be led by Saudi Arabia and see the participation of 34 nations. A joint operations center shall be established in the city of Riyadh to coordinate and sup­port military operations to fight terrorism and to develop the necessary programs and mech­anisms for supporting these efforts.
  11. (D) 61. (D) 62. (A)
  12. (C) A pressure group is an interest group which exerts pressure on the government or the decision-makers for the fulfillment of their interests. Political parties and pressure groups are not same. However, both of them play an important role in a democracy. Therefore, their relationship is markedly close and clear.
  13. (D) 65. (A) 66. (D) 67. (D)
  14. (B) The main difference between electric and magnetic forces is the absence of magnetic mono­poles. But they are still both described by the same equations (Maxwell’s) and in relativity they can transform into each other. Electric and magnetic fields are different aspects of the same force. Gravity (currently) is not.
  15. (DJ 70. (A)
  16. (B)Akbar abolished pilgrimage tax on Hindus in 1563. He abolished Jizya in 1564. Akbar constructed a new building called Ibadat-Khana at Fatepur Sikri in 1565. He established a new religion called Din-i-Ilahi in 1582.
  17. (D) 73. (A) 74. (D)
  18. (D) Department of Empower­ment of Persons with Disabilities (DEPwD) and Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, has formulated the Accessible India Campaign (Sugamya Bharat Abhiyan), as a nation-wide campaign for achieving universal accessibility for Persons with Disabilities. The campaign targets three separate verticals for achieving universal accessibility

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